Final Declaration of the Second Session of the PUIC Conference

Rabat – Kingdom of Morocco
9 - 10 Rajab 1422 (27 - 28 September 2001)
Convened in its Second Session in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco, on 9-10 Rajab 1422 (27-28 September 2001), under the High Patronage of His Majesty Mohamed VI, King of Morocco, on the basis of the magnanimous principles of Islam, the Constitutive Statute of the Union, and the principles of International legality, the Conference of the Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States, declares that:

First: It fully supports the resolutions issued by the Sixth Executive Committee, and the Third Session of the Council of the Union and lays stress on what follows;

Second: The Democratic Option premised on “Shura” (or Mutual Consultation):
- Asserts that the democratic option, based on mutual consultation, remains the best method for managing the affairs of the Islamic Ummah (Nation),Islamic solidarity and is the basic guarantee of success in building a promising Muslim society. In fact, this option is inspired from the principles of our true Islamic Sharia (Leggislation) which has been a pioneer in honouring man, consecrating his rights, and establishing governing institutions, with their different organs, on the bases of shura,
justice, freedom and equality, while benefiting from the common human heritage, all for the purpose of enhancing the dignity of man, raising his standing, and setting up a state of law and democratic institutions;
Third: Peace in the Middle East

- Affirms that a just and comprehensive peace in the Middle East region will not be achieved, unless Israel withdraws from all Palestinian and Arab territories occupied since 1967, with Al Qods being at the forefront of such territories, in compliance with the Resolutions of the UN Security Council No.242 and 338, with the Madrid Agreement, notably, the principle of “Land for Peace”.

- Vehemently condemns the continuous Israeli violations of all the Resolutions of International Legality and Human Rights Declaration, the savage repression of Palestinian People, the assassination of its political activists and leaders, the destruction of its institutions and infrastructure, the siege Israel imposes on the cities and villages, the wilful distortion of the geographic and demographic nature and characteristics of the land, the uprooting of trees and desecration of the Palestinian Sacred Sites. In this regard, the Conference calls upon the international community to provide an international protection for the Palestinian People against these reprehensible aggressions;

- Fully supports all the legal measures currently undertaken in some Arab, Islamic and European capitals to bring to trial a number of Israeli war criminals, with Sharon as its head, who are responsible for the Sabra and Shatila Massacres, and calls upon the UN Security Council to set up an international criminal court for this purpose, in accordance with the provisions of International Law;

- Strongly condemns the closing down by Israel of Bayt Al Sharq (The House of Orient) and other Palestinian institutions in Al Qods, violating thus, all the conventions and accords signed in this regard, and stresses the need for Israel to promptly put an end to this blatant aggression;

- Declares that the Israeli settlement in the Occupied Territories both in Palestine and the Syrian Golan, and the creation of loop-shaped settlements both within Al Qods Al Sharif and its precincts constitute a blatant aggression on the Palestinian People, as well as on the Arab and Islamic nations, and a flagrant breach of the laws and resolutions of international legality and legitimacy. The Conference calls upon the international community to compel Israel to implement the Resolution of the relevant international legality;

- Calls upon the Member Parliaments of the Union to effectively set up national committees to work under their supervision with the sole purpose of mobilising financial and moral support for the Blessed Intifada of Al Aqsa Al Sharif;

- Enjoins the governments and peoples of all Islamic States to stop all political, economic and military dealings with Israel until the latter has halted its oppressive attack on the Palestinian People, recognised the legitimate national right of all exiled Palestinians to return to their homeland, and consented to the setting up of an independent Palestinian State, with Al Qods Al Sharif as its capital.

- The Conference calls upon the International Community to exercise pressure on Israel to bring it to implement the international resolutions of legality, to withdraw from all the occupied Syrian territories, to revert to the June 4, 1967 borders, and also to withdraw from the Lebanese territories that it still occupies. The Conference also reiterates its full support to the National Resistance in Lebanon until all the Lebanese territories, including Sheb’ a Farms, have been liberated. Furthermore,
the Conference urges the International Community to exercise pressure on Israel in order to secure the release of all the prisoners, hostages, and detainees in the prisons of the Zionist enemy. The Conference also supports Lebanon in its right to obtain full compensation for the destruction wreaked by Zionist aggression against its territories;

- Demands the immediate lifting of all the sanctions imposed on some Arab and Islamic countries, as such sanctions conflict with the principles of International Law, UN Charters, and the Human Rights. It also demands that the continuous bombing against Iraq and its people be stopped and that all the sanctions imposed on it be lifted. It, likewise, demands that the sanctions imposed on the Arab Republic of Lybia be lifted, once and for all. Furthermore, the Conference stresses the necessity of respecting the sovereignty and unity of countries and the security of their territories, in conformity with International Law.

- Denounces the procedure adopted in punishing peoples and wonders, in the presence of the international conscience, why such sanctions are not imposed on Israel which is putting an entire people under the threat of extermination. The adoption of such double standards in the implementation of the resolutions of International Legality is a phenomenon that should be abandoned in our modern society, if we are to confer more respect for International Laws and to grant more legitimacy to international resolutions, on the one hand, and on the other hand, to remove  the factors of despondency among some people, which may be exploited by some to stage terrorist attacks that cost their lives to thousands of  innocent and secure people;

- Commends the continuing efforts deployed by Al Qods Committee under the leadership of His Majesty Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, for the sake of the preservation of the Arab-Islamic identity of Al Qods. In this regard, the Conference urges all Member States to provide the necessary support to the Agency of Bayt Mal Al Qods so as to enable it to discharge its mission of protecting the religious and spiritual landmarks of this Sacred City;

Fourth: International Terrorism

- Denounces the terrorist attacks which have targeted establishments in the United States of America on 11 September 2001, expresses its support and presents its most sincere condolences and expressions of sympathy to the families of the victims who belong to different nationalities and religions;
The Conference stresses the necessity of avoiding any blamelaying, for such terrorist assaults, on any religion, race, or ethnicity, whatever the identity of the culprits may well be. The Conference warns that the accusation of people of Arab descent and Islamic faith without proof or evidence will create deep gaps in international solidarity which constitutes the principal basis and the very condition of the success of the endeavours aiming at uprooting criminal terrorism which has manifestly become an international phenomenon directly affecting human rights everywhere;

- The Conference also demands that the reaction to terrorist attacks avoid hastiness, lack of deliberation and vengeful intent, as such rash action, if it
were to be carried out, would lead to the annihilation of thousands of innocents lives. The Conference is of the opinion that any reaction to the terrorist attacks should be carried out within the framework of International Legality and Legitimacy;
- While it reiterates its condemnation of terrorism in all of its forms, guises and sources, the Conference denounces, first and foremost, state terrorism of the kind perpetrated by Israel against Arab people in Palestine and the Golan, on a daily basis. The Conference insists on the necessity of distinguishing between terrorism and the struggle against foreign occupation –which has been granted legitimacy by revealed religions and by international laws. It should be noted here that resistance is carried out by nationalists whilst terrorism is wrought solely by criminals;

- Affirms that terrorism has become a global phenomenon, threatening all the countries of the world. Indeed, the evils of terrorism are no longer limited to a given ethnic, religious or cultural group, nor do its effects afflict only a particular region. Terrorist activities now transcend the borders of
countries, sowing terror amidst secure people. Terrorism thus violates all human values, transgresses all the precepts of revealed religions, and disregards all ethical standards.

- Lays stress on the fact that the elimination of terrorism is the responsibility of the International Community which ought to ponder the causes and causative factors of terrorism. In this connection, the Conference stresses the necessity of holding a conference within the framework of the United Nations to address the issues of terrorism, and the means of containing it and sapping its sources;

- Calls upon all the Ulemas (Scholars) of the Islamic Ummah to expose and denounce all of the erroneous conceptions and the insidious theses which the enemies of the Ummah systematically disseminate in order to associate terrorism with Islam and Muslims. Such a counter-campaign could be carried out by means of the organization of conferences, fora and the re-dynamisation of the information which covers all countries.

- Demands that a delegation from the Parliaments of Islamic countries be dispatched to the United States of America, to the European Parliament, and to any other destination. The delegation shall be instructed with the task of explaining the position adopted by the Conference, and for the constitution of a Committee whose task will be to elaborate the political, legal, and information framework which outlines the actions to take in order to face up to any developments likely to arise as a consequence of the recent events. The Conference exhorts media-persons in Islamic countries to address their messages to the external world, particularly the Western world, and to strive to clarify the perspective of the Islamic world on political issues, in such a way as to confront the intense pro Zionist campaign in the Western media which does its worst in order to harm Islam ;

Fifth: The Islamic World, Globalisation and Dialogue among Civilisations

- Stresses the urgent need to explore the ways and means apt to reduce the negative impact on globalisation of the economies of the Islamic World. It calls upon the International Community to take all of the appropriate measures to guarantee the participation of all countries in the globalisation process, in such a way as to create a balance between the benefits reaped and the responsibilities devolving to developing countries;

- Stresses the importance of facing up to the various challenges engendered by globalisation through the full association of developing countries and countries whose economies are going through a transitory phase, in the process of international decision-making, notably in what concerns economic and financial policies;

- Stresses the need to urge all developing countries, and Islamic ones, in particular, to implement what has been agreed upon with major powers. This would enable industrialised countries to fulfill their commitments to open their markets for the exports of developing countries, most particularly the export of agricultural commodities and products, textiles and ready-made garments, processing industries, as well as mining and petro-chemical industries, as this would not only facilitate trade but also lay down the rules that would allow developing countries to acquire modern technologies, and to enjoy some flexibility in the implementation of their economic policies and the enhancement of their competitiveness;

- Invites Islamic countries to join the World Trade Organisation to redress the imbalances that characterise many WTO agreements, which impact adversely not solely on the development policies of Islamic countries but also on their exports;

- Expresses its conviction that achieving a higher level of successful regional and bilateral cooperation would be conducive to a rapid achievement of economic complementarity among Islamic States. In this respect, the Conference enjoins all Islamic states to consolidate economic ties among them and to consolidate mutual aid and cooperation in order to eradicate the spectre of poverty which prevails in some of these countries, most particularly in Black Africa. Considering the potentialities and huge resources of the Islamic world, the Conference considers that the speedy creation of the Islamic Common Market is the right step towards raising economic and living standards in Islamic states, inasmuch as it will result in the increase of the volume of inter-Islamic trade, a better utilisation of the quotas of every country, the funding of large-scale projects, and the achievement of complementarity;

- Asserts its deep conviction of, and faith in, the importance of dialogue among civilisations rather than in their conflict. However, it considers that this dialogue can only become a reality through the respect of the values and ideals of the “others”, and that this dialogue cannot be engaged in under a canopy of economic hegemony or the rule of the mighty, for power imbalances can only lead to the consecration of economic dependency on the stronger parties;

- Expresses its deep faith in the major contributions made by the Islamic culture to the human heritage in all fields and throughout the ages, and in
its ability to interact with and to enrich other contemporary human civilisations, particularly in this age of globalisation, communication, technological revolution and space-exploration;

- Calls upon the International Community to adopt the two universal documents drawn up by the Organisation of the Islamic Conference which call for tolerance, the respect of human dignity, the acceptance of cultural diversity, the recognition of the variety in the sources of knowledge, the cooperation in the consolidation of human values, and the confrontation of the dangers that threaten international peace and security.

In this respect, the Conference calls upon all the intellectuals and the creative artists of the Islamic world to highlight the values of Islam and its principles and to lay practical foundations for an effective and constructive dialogue among civilisations. The role of this dialogue would be to foster trust among nations, to lay sounder bases for lasting peace, and to invalidate all the unfounded allegations relative to the so-called “clash of civilisations”.

“It is Allah Who is My Lord and your Lord; then worship Him. This is a Way that is straight.”

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